Finding Your Audience

This self-help book was written by Simon John Lee and Mark Graham Communications.

If you’re thinking about writing a book – or considering having your book ghostwritten – one question that likely has come to mind is, “Who will read it?”

If your initial response is, “Everyone!” you might want to think more deeply about this topic – for two reasons. One, because no book appeals to every reader out there. Two, not everyone reads.

The trick is to figure out who your readers are.

First, some stats: according to a 2019 Pew Research Center study, 72% of US adults reported reading a book in the previous year. Americans read an average (mean) of twelve books per year. The typical (median) reading rate is four books per year. These figures are about the same as they’ve been since 2011, when Pew Research first began conducting surveys about the book reading habits of Americans. In a 2017 Library Research Center study, 50% of women said they’d read a novel or short story in the past year, compared to a third of men (33%). Additionally, 49% of men said they’d read a history book in the past year, while 37% of women said the same.

What does this mean for authors? Essentially, it means that there are readers out there, but their number is finite. (As an aside, if you’re considering having your book ghostwritten, you will be an author – because it’s your story and your book.)

To ensure your book’s success, it makes sense to think early on about who your audience is. To figure it out, here are some questions to ask yourself:

  • Why do you want to write this book (or have it ghostwritten)?
  • What’s your favorite genre to read?
  • If you could pick five people (living or dead, famous or not) to read your book, love it, and find lasting meaning in it, who would those people be? What, if anything, do they have in common? In what ways are they different from one another?
  • Congratulations! Your book is the #1 bestseller in [X] category! What is this category? Why did you choose it?

These questions can help you pinpoint the audience you want to reach. Once you know that (and once your book is written), you can use marketing and online tools to better target that audience.

Regardless of your audience, remember:

  • Begin by envisioning your book as one that you’ll love. You’ll feel more passionate about any writing project (ghostwritten or self-authored) if you consider yourself the primary audience.
  • Your book should:
    • Tell a good story
    • Provide a great message
    • Give readers food for thought

A great book – in any category and for any audience – is, first and foremost, a great book. The trick then is to figure out who else, besides you (the author), will love it. The tools above provide a starting point to help you answer that question.

The Power of Story

This inspirational book was written by C.C. Holmes and Mark Graham Communications.

It’s summer, and for many of us, that means vacation – which, for avid readers, often means extra reading time. Who doesn’t enjoy basking on the beach or lounging poolside with a book in their hands? Whether they’re reading fiction or nonfiction, during these warmer months, you’re likely to see many people getting lost in a good book.

But what does it mean to “get lost in a good book”? Ask a dozen readers and you’ll probably get a dozen answers, but in the end, it comes down to this: We all love a good story.

Lisa Cron, in her writing craft book Story Genius, explains why this is true. Cron writes, “Humans are wired for story…story is the language of the brain. We think in story. The brain evolved to use story as its go-to ‘decoder ring’ for reality, and so we’re really expert at probing stories for specific meaning and info.” Cron continues, “Story is how we make sense of the world around us.”

It’s no surprise that we’re all drawn to stories – whether books, movies, ballads, theater, or any other form. (And “story,” by the way, means nonfiction, too. Fans of memoir, self-help, business writing, and other forms of nonfiction often report that their favorite parts of such books are the specific stories the author incorporates.)

When we take in a story, we relate it to our own lives. As Cron explains, “The brain craves certainty. We like to know things for sure, so we can plan accordingly.” She writes, “Story evolved as a way to envision the future and plan for the unexpected.”

Whether “story” means an entire novel or an anecdote in a business book, we hope to relate to it and learn from it. We want to take wisdom from the story and incorporate it into our own lives. In this way, a great story gives us access to the best parts of ourselves – our memories, our hopes, and our dreams.

But what makes a great story? What’s the secret to writing a story that connects with readers?

If you’re considering writing a book, it’s worth noting that there are as many approaches (and then some) to telling a story as there are writing craft books. In Story Genius, Cron explains her approach, insisting it’s foolproof. Whether or not that’s true for a particular storyteller, it’s important to carefully craft your stories in a way that connects with readers. Doing so goes a long way toward assuring your book is long-lasting, remembered, and shared.

Sounds daunting? Take heart. Just like everyone else, you have wonderful stories to tell. If the idea of turning them into a great book feels overwhelming, it might be time to consider a ghostwriter. Explaining your ideas to a ghostwriter, having the ghostwriter organize your stories and make the language flow, can get you well on the way to putting your book in the hands of readers. Soon, your stories will bring out readers’ memories, hopes, and dreams – and your own, too!

The Importance of Voice

This WWII Trilogy was written by Carl F. Haupt and Mark Graham Communications.

Ask readers what they love most about their favorite books, and inevitably, the answer will come around to some form of this: “I love how wonderfully the story was told. I love that by the end, I felt like the narrator was a trusted friend.”

It’s not surprising that readers say this. Reading is a process of trust. As authors, we ask a lot of our readers. We expect them to devote both time and money to our books. In return, readers trust us to reward them with a story well told, using a distinct and memorable voice.

If you write your own book, your voice naturally comes through. The words that flow onto the page come from your thought processes and are informed by your experiences and views. Even authors of multiple works of fiction featuring different characters and storylines often have a distinct style. When readers pick up a book by a well-known author, especially one whose previous works they’ve loved, they enter into a trusted experience.

But what if your book is ghostwritten? How can you be sure a ghostwriter will capture your voice when writing your book?

One of the hallmarks of a skilled ghostwriter is the ability to write in the distinct voice of each client. Before deciding to work with a particular ghostwriter, ask for samples of that ghostwriter’s work. You should be able to discern distinct voices from one client’s book to the next.

Once you’ve decided on a ghostwriter, the book process generally begins with a series of interviews. As the client, you’ll spend a lot of time telling your story to the ghostwriter. You’ll be asked questions and prompted to deeply explain your thoughts and feelings about a situation or scene. A qualified ghostwriter will record these interviews, which are often then transcribed. Using this material, the ghostwriter creates an outline for the book. Reading the transcription and/or re-listening to the interview tapes gives the ghostwriter a good sense of your distinct voice.

Next, the ghostwriter should provide you with the book’s outline and a sample chapter. The intent of the sample chapter is to nail down the voice. You should hear yourself loud and clear in the sample pages. If the voice sounds stilted, but in person you tend to be exuberant, the ghostwriter has likely missed the mark. Likewise, if the voice sounds casual and breezy, yet your typical way of speaking is more formal, the ghostwriter should make another attempt to get the voice correct, before proceeding with subsequent chapters.

At this stage, it’s vital to ensure the voice is spot on. As the writing process continues, an experienced ghostwriter will carefully construct each chapter, ensuring that the voice remains consistent – and that it’s your voice – throughout the entire book.
The end result? A book that tells your story, in your voice. A book that will have readers saying, “I love how this story was told. I feel like the storyteller is a trusted friend.”

How To Get Your Book in Local Bookstores

The Art of Spies, a fascinating thriller, was a collaboration between Robert E. O’Connell III and Mark Graham Communications.

A question we frequently hear is, “How do I get my book into bookstores?” 

Seeing their book on a bookstore shelf is the dream of most authors – and authors of ghostwritten books are no exception. (Rest assured, if Mark Graham Communications ghostwrites your book, you are the author – because it’s your story and your book.) 

So how do you get your book on those shelves? If the book is traditionally published (using an agent and a publishing house), bookstores will stock it via distributors. Any copies that don’t sell are returned to the distributor. The disadvantage (for authors) is that distributors take a large cut of the sale price. If you’re traditionally published, you’ll receive an advance for your book, which helps offset this cut. Because there is no advance involved in self-publishing, the distributor model doesn’t work for many self-published authors.

So what’s a self-published author to do?

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Get It Written Before the Memories Are Lost

An award winning biography ghostwritten with Paul Wayne by Mark Graham Communications

This award winning memoir was a collaboration between Paul Wayne and Mark Graham Communications

In February on the blog, we introduced you to a Mark Graham Communications (MGC) client and ghostwriter who worked together to unravel a mystery in the client’s past. Today, I’d like to share another story about this same client and writer.

An important aspect of most memoirs is photographed. When telling your life story, you want to include a visual representation of cherished moments from the past. As with most MGC clients, this is true for the nonagenarian who is working with our ghostwriter to tell her family’s history. The client’s adult children are also collaborating on the project.

Not long ago, we met on Zoom – myself, the ghostwriter, the client, and her children – to go over family photographs, deciding which ones to include in the client’s forthcoming book.

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Physical Books are Eternal

Wired Differently is a collaboration between Todd Saylor and Mark Graham Communications.

There’s no doubt that e-books have changed the publishing landscape. No longer limited to carrying around physical books, today’s readers can reach for their reading device – tablet, phone, Kindle, Nook, or otherwise – upon which hundreds of books can be stored, then opened and read with a few finger swipes.

For many people, the advent of the e-book has changed their reading habits. The accessibility and portability of e-books (not to mention audiobooks) has transformed some previous non-readers into readers, while also increasing the number of books already-avid readers consume each year. Factor in the pandemic, which has restricted browsing in physical bookstores and libraries, and it seems unlikely that anyone would ever again choose to read a physical book.

And yet, print book sales continue to hold steady – and even, according to some reports, increase. Publisher’s Weekly reported a 7.9% increase, year over year, in print book sales for the same weeks in October 2020 vs. October 2019. The largest increase was in the adult nonfiction category.[i]

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Research: What Does It Entail?

This eye-opening memoir from a Vietnam POW was written by Robert Wideman, Cara Lopez Lee and Mark Graham Communications

Recently, a Mark Graham Communications (MGC) ghostwriter faced a conundrum. The project was a family history/memoir, with the primary subject a woman in her nineties. Her family wanted to capture the woman’s stories and produce the book as a keepsake. Over the years, the woman had written personal essays and recorded numerous family stories, which provided a perfect starting point for the book. Using these materials and input from family members and the woman herself, the ghostwriter developed a robust historical memoir.

The problem? As is common with personal history, some vital details had been lost – and the woman was unsure about the specifics. One example involved a teaching job offer she’d received. The woman believed this had happened in 1948 or 1949. However, among the woman’s papers was her offer letter from the school district, dated 1951. Ensuring the correct sequence of events was vital to other aspects of the story. When asked about this, the nonagenarian couldn’t recall the exact timeline.

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What Does “Genre” Really Mean?

image of the Aftershock book cover

This motivational self-help book was a collaboration with Kelli Poles and Mark Graham Communications

The term “genre” is nearly as old as literature itself. And, of course, books are not the only form of communication to use the term. Music, movies, TV shows, podcasts, and just about every other means of creative expression also fall into genres. But for the purpose of this discussion, let’s focus on genre in books.

But what is genre? Simply stated, genre identifies a book as a certain type. We all know (and perhaps are!) readers who are attracted to particular types of books. It’s not unusual to hear someone say, “I love mysteries,” or “As a reader, I gravitate toward nonfiction,” or “I’m addicted to fantasy!” All of these booklovers are talking about their favorite genre.

Books within a specific genre share these traits:

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The Difference Between Any Ghostwriter and the RIGHT Ghostwriter

Inspired by real life events, this fascinating story is a collaboration between Gretchen Wiegand, Anna McDermott and Mark Graham Communications.

Go online and Google “ghostwriter,” and you’ll find no shortage of hits. And it’s no wonder. Self-publishing has made it easier than ever to get a book out in the world. However, while many of us have a story to tell or an area of expertise to share, not everyone has the time or skills to write a full-length book. The ghostwriting industry has evolved to address this need.

So you’ve decided that collaborating with a ghostwriter could be the next move for you – and you’ve begun exploring options. But how do you go about finding the right ghostwriter for your project?

Consider the following:

  • Does the ghostwriter have a proven track record? Do they have links to previous projects? If there are Amazon links to the ghostwriter’s previous collaborations, you can often read a few pages by clicking “Look Inside.” Evaluating previous projects should give you a sense of the ghostwriter’s capabilities.
  • Do all of the ghostwriter’s previous projects look and sound somewhat the same? If so, the ghostwriter may have a bias toward writing in their own voice, rather than understanding and writing in their clients’ voices. Remember, this is your book. Your voice should come through, loud and clear. Skilled ghostwriters are adept at nailing a client’s voice and using it consistently.

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Writing a Self-Help Book the Right Way

image of The Race for Good Credit book cover

The Race for Good Credit was written by Trent L. Pettus and Mark Graham Communications.

Yes, Self-Help books can help. They can change someone’s life, someone’s view of the world, or the way they present themselves to the world.  If you know something that can make a difference, writing a Self-Help book is a fantastic way to share it.  Here are a few thoughts as you get started.

  • Know your idea. What is the message you are delivering?  Can you break out your ideas into chapter headings?  This may sound simplistic, but you need to have a roadmap if you intend to write a book that’s somewhere between 100-200 pages.  On the flip side, don’t get so caught up in the details that you forget to put pen to paper and start writing.
  • Knowing your subject inside and out is important, but it is equally as important to have stories that illustrate your message. Fun stories, serious stories, unusual stories. The importance of the story is so your reader will have something that clearly illustrates your point, and then has that moment where she or he says, “Oh, I see how that works.”

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